Kyung-Hwan Son, Dae-Woo Kim, Wan-Ju Kang, David Earl Hostallero, Yung Yi paper accepted at 36th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML 2019)

Title: QTRAN: Learning to Factorize with Transformation for Cooperative Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning

Authors: Kyung-Hwan Son, Dae-Woo Kim, Wan-Ju Kang, David Earl Hostallero, Yung Yi

 We explore value-based solutions for multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL) tasks in the centralized training with decentralized execution (CTDE) regime popularized recently. However, VDN and QMIX are representative examples that use the idea of factorization of the joint action-value function into individual ones for decentralized execution. VDN and QMIX address only a fraction of factorizable MARL tasks due to their structural constraint in factorization such as additivity and monotonicity. In this paper, we propose a new factorization method for MARL, QTRAN, which is free from such structural constraints and takes on a new approach to transforming the original joint action-value function into an easily factorizable one, with the same optimal actions. QTRAN guarantees more general factorization than VDN or QMIX, thus covering a much wider class of MARL tasks than does previous methods. Our experiments for the tasks of multi-domain Gaussian-squeeze and modified predator-prey demonstrate QTRAN's superior performance with especially larger margins in games whose payoffs penalize non-cooperative behavior more aggressively.


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